Decision Notice

On , the Financial Conduct Authority issued a Decision Notice to Found Estates –

Found Estates – (“FE”)

64A Kay Street, Darwen, Lancashire, BB3 3EL


For the reasons set out below and under regulation 60(3) of the MLR, the Authority has
decided to cancel FE’s Registration.


FE failed to pay a charges due to the Authority. Therefore, the Authority may cancel FE’s
Registration under the MLR in accordance with regulation 60(3)(a) of the MLR, on the basis
of the condition in regulation 59(1)(c)(iii) (which concerns the payment of charges and to
which regulation 60(3)(a) refers).


The definitions below are used in this Notice (and in the Annex):

“the Act” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;

“Annex 1 financial institution” has the meaning given in Regulation 55(2) of the MLR

“the Authority” means the Financial Conduct Authority;

“EG” means the Enforcement Guide;


“FE” means Found Estates;

“FE’s Registration” means the registration by the Authority for FE as an Annex 1 financial
institution under the MLR 2017;

“the MLR 2017” means the Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing and Transfer of Funds
(Information on the Payer) Regulations 2017; and

“the Tribunal” means the Upper Tribunal (Tax and Chancery Chamber).


The statutory and regulatory provisions relevant to this Notice are set out in the Annex.


FE was registered by the Authority on 29 January 2018 as an Annex 1 financial institution.

FE has failed to pay charges totalling £2681.00 owed to the Authority consisting of the
following invoices dated:

9 August 2022 for £1112.00 in respect charges for the period from 1 April 2022
to 31 March 2023 which had been due for payment by 8 September 2022;

18 August 2021 for £1050.00 in respect charges for the period from 1 April 2021
to 31 March 2022 which had been due for payment by 16 November 2021; and

30 September 2020 for £519.00 in respect charges for the period from 1 April
2020 to 31 March 2021 which had been due for payment by 29 December 2020.

FE has also failed to respond adequately to the Authority’s repeated requests that it pay
the charges owed to the Authority.

By way of a Notice of Proposed Cancellation dated 24 November 2023, the Authority gave
notice to FE that the Authority proposed to cancel FE’s Registration. FE was given the
opportunity to make representations to the Authority about the proposed action.

No representations have been received by the Authority from FE by the date specified in
the Notice of Proposed Cancellation. An email bounce back was received 24 November
2023. The charges referred to in paragraph 6 remain unpaid. The Authority has therefore
decided to cancel FE’s Registration. The cancellation of FE’s Registration takes effect on 16
February 2024.


This Notice is given to FE under Regulation 60(9)(b) of the MLR.

Decision maker

The decision which gave rise to the obligation to give this Notice was made by an Authority
staff member under executive procedures.


The Tribunal

FE has the right to appeal the Authority’s decision to cancel FE’s Registration to the
Tribunal. Under paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 3 to the Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal)
Rules 2008, FE has 28 days from the date on which this Notice is given to FE to refer the
matter to the Tribunal.

An appeal to the Tribunal is made by way of a signed reference notice (Form FTC3) filed
with a copy of this Notice. The Tribunal’s contact details are: The Upper Tribunal, Tax and
Chancery Chamber, Fifth Floor, Rolls Building, Fetter Lane, London EC4A 1NL (tel: 020
7612 9730; email:

For further information on the Tribunal, FE should refer to the HM Courts and Tribunal
Service website. Guidance on making an appeal to the Tribunal and the relevant form to
complete (Form FTC3) can be accessed from the following link:

A copy of the Form FTC3 must also be sent to Misba Masood at the Financial Conduct
Authority, 12 Endeavour Square, London E20 1JN at the same time as filing an appeal with
the Upper Tribunal.

Access to evidence

A schedule of the material upon which the Authority has relied in deciding to give FE this
Notice is given with this Notice. If FE requires copies of the material listed, it should contact
Misba Masood (see paragraph 18 below).

Confidentiality and publicity

This Notice may contain confidential information and should not be disclosed to a third
party (except for the purpose of obtaining advice on its contents).

The Authority may publish such information about the matter to which a Notice served
under Regulation 60(9) relates as it considers appropriate. The information published may
contain reference to the facts and matters contained in this Notice.

Authority Contacts

For more information concerning this matter generally, FE should contact Misba Masood at
the Authority (direct line: 020 7066 0102).

Jeremy Parkinson
Executive Decision Maker

Decision made by an Authority member of staff under Executive Procedures



1. Regulation 55(1) of the MLR 2017 provides:

“The [Authority] may maintain a register of Annex I financial institutions.”

2. Regulation 55(6) of the MLR 2017 provides:

“The registers maintained by the registering authorities must include entries in
any equivalent registers maintained under regulation 32 of the Money Laundering
Regulations 2007 which were current immediately before the date that regulation
was revoked.”

3. Regulation 59(1) of the MLR 2017 provides:

“Subject to regulation 58, the registering authority may refuse to register an
applicant for registration in a register maintained under regulation 54 or 55 only

(c) the applicant has failed to pay […]

(ii) a charge imposed by the authority under Part 11”.

4. Regulation 60(3) of the MLR 2017 provides:

“The registering authority may […] cancel a person’s registration in a register
maintained by it under regulation 54 or 55 if, at any time after registration—

(a) it appears to the authority that any of paragraphs (a) to (e) of
regulation 59(1) apply;


5. Regulation 60(8) of the MLR 2017 provides:

“Where the FCA is minded to suspend or cancel a person’s registration it must
give that person notice—

(a) that it is so minded;

(b) if appropriate, the proposed period of the suspension;

(c) the reasons for being so minded; and

(d) the right to make representations to it within the period specified in
the notice (which must not be less than 28 days).”

6. Regulation 60(9) of the MLR 2017 provides:


“The FCA must then decide, within a reasonable period, whether to suspend or
cancel the person’s registration and it must give that person notice of—

(a) its decision not to be suspend or cancel the person’s registration; or

(b) the following matters-

i. the decision to suspend or cancel the person’s registration and,
subject to paragraph 10, the date from which the suspension or
cancellation takes effect;

ii. the period of the suspension;

iii. the reasons for its decision; and

iv. the right to appeal under regulation 93.”


7. The Authority’s policy in relation to exercising its enforcement powers is set out in EG, the
relevant provisions of which are summarised below.

8. EG 19.14.7 provides that, in relation to the MLR 2017, the Authority has decided to adopt
enforcement and decision making procedures, in relation to the use of its investigation and
sanctioning powers, broadly akin to those it has under the Act. The types of circumstances
in which the Authority will consider cancelling a firm’s Part 4A Permission under the Act
include non-payment of Authority fees or repeated failures to pay Authority fees except under
threat of Enforcement action (EG 8.5.2(5)).


Regulator Warnings Logo